Pixar Animation Studios, commonly known as Pixar, is an American computer animation studio based in Emeryville, California, a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Studios owned by The Walt Disney Company.
Pixar began in 1979 as part of the Lucasfilm computer division, known as the Graphics Group, before its spin-off as a corporation on February 3, 1986, with funding from Apple co-founder Steve Jobs, who became its majority shareholder. Disney purchased Pixar in 2006 at a valuation of $7.4 billion by converting each share of Pixar stock to 2.3 shares of Disney stock, a transaction that resulted in Jobs becoming Disney's largest single shareholder at the time.
Pixar is best known for its feature films technologically powered by RenderMan, the company's own implementation of the industry-standard RenderMan Interface Specification image-rendering application programming interface. Luxo Jr., a desk lamp from the studio's 1986 short film of the same name, is the studio's mascot, with their first feature film being created in 1995.
The studio has earned 21 Academy Awards, 9 Golden Globe Awards, and 11 Grammy Awards, along with numerous other awards and acknowledgments.
Pixar has produced many short films and twenty-two feature films, so far. Their upcoming slate of films includes Luca, Turning Red and Lightyear and an untitled film in 2023.
|1995||Toy Story||John Lasseter||Randy Newman||100%|
|1998||A Bug's Life||John Lasseter||Randy Newman||92%|
|1999||Toy Story 2||John Lasseter||Randy Newman||100%|
|2001||Monsters, Inc.||Pete Docter||Randy Newman||96%|
|2003||Finding Nemo||Andrew Stanton||Thomas Newman||99%|
|2004||The Incredibles||Brad Bird||Michael Giacchino||97%|
|2006||Cars||John Lasseter||Randy Newman||74%|
|2007||Ratatouille||Brad Bird||Michael Giacchino||96%|
|2008||WALL-E||Andrew Stanton||Thomas Newman||95%|
|2009||Up||Pete Docter||Michael Giacchino||98%|
|2010||Toy Story 3||Lee Unkrich||Randy Newman||98%|
|2011||Cars 2||John Lasseter||Michael Giacchino||39%|
|2012||Brave||Mark Andrews & Brenda Chapman||Patrick Doyle||78%|
|2013||Monsters University||Dan Scanlon||Randy Newman||80%|
|2015||Inside Out||Pete Docter||Michael Giacchino||98%|
|2015||The Good Dinosaur||Peter Sohn||Jeff & Mychael Danna||76%|
|2016||Finding Dory||Andrew Stanton||Thomas Newman||94%|
|2017||Cars 3||Brian Fee||Randy Newman||69%|
|2017||Coco||Lee Unkrich||Michael Giacchino||97%|
|2018||Incredibles 2||Brad Bird||Michael Giacchino||93%|
|2019||Toy Story 4||Josh Cooley||Randy Newman||97%|
|2020||Onward||Dan Scanlon||Jeff & Mychael Danna||88%|
|2020||Soul||Pete Docter||Trent Reznor & Atticus Ross||95%|
|2022||Turning Red||Domee Shi||TBA||TBA|
Why They Rock
- The first fully computer animated film was created by them in 1995, and to this day they keep raising the bar high (with some exceptions) when it comes to animated films.
- Fantastic animation for their films, with the animation improving greatly in each and every film. Even the weaker films manage to still have stunning animation.
- They are known for their unique and creative concepts, such as making films based on the perspective of toys (Toy Story), monsters (Monsters, Inc.), fish (Finding Nemo), bugs (A Bug's Life), vehicles (Cars) and even the dead (Coco).
- The movies usually manage to have great voice acting, with John Ratzenberger voicing at least one character in every Pixar film.
- Great music for their movies, especially from Randy Newman, Thomas Newman, and Michael Giacchino.
- Their films manage to have plenty of heartwarming moments.
- Alongside the movies, they also make plenty of great shorts, with the shorts usually being paired with one of their releases.
- Plenty of easter eggs, such as the famous Pizza Planet Truck easter egg, the iconic Pixar ball, and A113.
- Most of the movies spawned tie-in games. Also, they made their first LEGO video game based on the two Incredibles films.
- They have been very well known for animating effects that have never been done before, like this video of Moana shows two Pixar employees Kyle Odermatt and Brian Tong explaining how they figured out how to animate water more realistically.
- They are also known for making their characters more human, and their movies usually do not have actual villains. This stems from the infamous “Black Friday Reel” of Toy Story where Woody was made to be a jerk, causing them to rework the film and rethink their film-making model.
- The Good Dinosaur and especially Cars 2 are considered their weakest films.
- While most of films had box-office hits, some had underperformed at the box-office due to poor marketing and the fact that audiences would rather watch other films in theatres, like The Good Dinosaur and Onward, though the latter happened to be box-office disaster because of the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Some have perceived a decline in quality throughout the 2010s, to the point Monsters University and Onward (both of which are directed by Dan Scanlon) feel somewhat unoriginal.
Many of the movies received mostly positive reviews, with the exception of Cars 2, which received mixed reviews.